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ʱ?䣺2019-06-04 ??Դ????????ѧ??̳ ???ߣ??????? ??????????3534??

????ժ    Ҫ?????ߵȽ?????ѧ??????????й???ɫ?Ľ?????ʽ, ???ҹ??????ĸ??ΰ?󴴾١??ڹ?ȥ??30??????, ??ѧ???Զ??ڷḻ?ߵȽ????Ľ?????ʽ???ؿ??ߵȽ????Ľ??????????ӿ?ߵȽ????Ӿ?Ӣ??????ڻ???չ???˲???????????á???ʱ????ѧ????Ҫ?Թ?????ĸ?Ϊͻ?ƿ?, ?Թ?????????????ϵ???˲ųɳ???????Ϊ????Ŀ??, ͨ?????ṹ???????????ﳤ????̰?, ʵ???Կ??Ĵ??¡?ת?ͺͷ?չ?????Ļ??ڸߵȽ?????ѧ???Ե??ص?, ͨ??????“ѧ?ֻ???”, ????̽??????ν???һ??ѧ?ֻ????ʹ洢????, ?Է??ӸߵȽ?????ѧ????????ʱ??????ѧϰ????Ὠ???е???Ҫ???á?

?????ؼ??ʣ???????????; ??ѧ????; ??Ч;??;

????Abstract????Higher education self-study exam education forms, is the most Chinese characteristics is a great creation of China's education reform.In the past 30 years, take an examination of higher education to broaden the educational channels, rich forms, accelerate the popularization of higher education has played an irreplaceable role.The new era of self-study exam to the breakthrough of the reform of the supply side, to construct lifelong education system and talents growth overpass as fundamental goal, through restructuring, tamping foundation, strong, short board, implementation of innovation, transformation and development.From the characteristics of higher education self-study exam, through to the higher education self-study exam and its "credit swaps", to explore how in the new era of economic effective method to establish a credit storage, to realize the national lifelong education and the construction of learning society play an important role.

????Keyword????lifelong education; self-study exam; effective way;

?????ߵȽ?????ѧ???????й??????????ƶ??ڸĸ↑???е?һ????Ҫ?????ʹ???, ????????80?????????Ϊ?ҹ??ߵȽ????ķ?չ????????Ҫ???ס??ߵȽ?????ѧ???Գ????????????????, ????Ҫ????????Ϊ??;?ڿ???ѧ??֪ʶ?ͼ??ܵ?ͬʱ??????ѧ??ϰ??, ???????????, ????˱????ķ?չ??Ϊ??Ҫ????ѧ???Բ????????????ɲŵĹ????д?????ȫ????ѧϰ????, ????ѧ??????????һ??????ľ????????????˲?Ⱥ?塣???Ϲ??̿?????֯???йر???ָ??, ????????Ӧ???ж????ԡ?????ԡ??׻?ü????ܿռ??ʱ?????Ƶ??ص?, ?ߵȽ?????ѧ???Ե??????????ڴˡ????ҹ??????????ϵ??, ?ߵȽ?????ѧ?????????˶??ֽ?????ʽ:??ͨ?ߵȽ????????˸ߵȽ?????????ߵ?ѧ??????, ??????????֤??ת??ϵͳ, ?ȵ?;???????һ?ֽ????ƶȵ??ں?, ??ʵ????ͨ???ߵȽ?????ѧ???Ե?????, ʹ?ҹ??ߵȽ????????????, ???????Ի???

?ߵȽ?????ѧ?????롰ѧ?????С??Ľ???

????һ???ߵȽ?????ѧ????

?????ߵȽ?????ѧ???Լ???һ?ֹ???ѧ???????ƶ?, ????һ?ֹ??ҽ????ƶ?, ??????ѧ???????ѧ?͹??ҿ????????????ָߵȽ?????ʽ??ͻ???ص?;?ߵȽ?????ѧ??????????й???ɫ?Ľ?????ʽ, ???ҹ??????ĸ??ΰ?󴴾?, ???ҹ??ߵȽ?????ϵ????Ҫ??ɲ??֡????л????񹲺͹??ߵȽ????????͡??ߵȽ?????ѧ????????????????ȷָ??:“????ʵ?иߵȽ?????ѧ?????ƶȡ???ѧ?߾????Ժϸ?, ???????????ɹ??ҷ?????Ӧ??ѧ??֤???????ѧҵ֤?顣ȡ????ѧ???Ա??Ʊ?ҵ֤??ı?ҵ??, ѧҵˮƽ?ﵽ????ѧλ?????׼??, ??????????λ??λ??????????Ӧѧλ??”

????????ѧ?ִ???———“ѧ??????”

????ѧ?????еĽ???????Ч“???”?Ĺؼ????????“???”Ҳ????ѧ?ֵĴ??档??ν“ѧ??????”??һ??ģ?????й??????????????й????????Ĺ???ģʽ??ѧ?ֵĻ?????ѧ?????е???Ҫ????, ѧ?????н?ѧ???????뼼????ѵ????, ͻ???˴?ͳѧϰ??ʱ???רҵ??????;“ѧ??????”ϵͳ??ѧϰ?ߵ?ѧϰ???ʱ??ӹ̶???Ϊ???;ѧϰ?߿???????ѡ??ѧϰʱ??ص??ѧϰ????, ѧϰ????ѧϰij?ſγ̲????˺ϸ????ܻ?????Ӧ??ѧ??, ѧϰ??Ҳ???Բμ?֤??ѧϰ?ͼ?????ѵ, ?????Ӧ??ѧ?֡???“ѧ??????”?ƶ???, ѧϰ?߿??Բ???????????“ѧ??”ʱ??ѧϰ, ???????????˻????????ȡһ??, ???Լ??л??ж?ѧϰʱ??, ??ʹ????????, ????“ѧ??????”??ѧ????Ȼ??Ч??“ѧ??????”??“???”?????Զ??׼?, ?????????ѧϰ?߿??Լ???ѧϰ???о?, ?????ij?ſγ?ѧϰ?????˺ϸ??????Ӧѧ??, ѧ?ֻ??۵???涨ѧ??????, ????“֧ȡ”??Ӧ??ѧ??;????“ѧ??????”???ܴٽ???ʵ?ֲ?ͬ??ʽ????֮????νӡ?

?????????ߵȽ?????ѧ??????“ѧ??????”?Ľ???

????“ѧ??????”????Ҫ??????ѧ?ֵĻ??ۺʹ洢, ???ߵȽ?????ѧ?????ƶ????þ߱?????????, ?Ӷ???Чͻ???˴?ͳѧϰ“????”??“רҵ”????Լ, ?????ԸߵȽ?????ѧ?????ƶ?Ϊ????, ????ȫ??????????“ѧ??????”???нϸߵĿ?????, ??Ҳ?ǸߵȽ?????ѧ?????ƶȵ??????????????ġ?

????1.??ѧ????ʩ??ѧ????, ??ѧ????Ҫ????, û??????ϵͳ????????ģ??????, һ??ͨ??ij?ƿ???, ?Ϳ??Ի?????Ӧ??ѧ??, ???ϸ?Ŀ?Ŀ???Զ???ؿ?, ѧ??ijרҵ??ȫ??ѧ?־????????ҵ;????????????ʽ?Ƚ?, ?ߵȽ?????ѧ???Ծ??й?ѧì??С???ɱ??͡???????Ч??ߵ?????ص?, ͬʱ???н?ǿ?Ŀ????ԡ???Ӧ?ԡ?????ԺͶ?????, ??˱???Ϊ“û??Χǽ?Ĵ?ѧ”?????뿼???߲??ܹ????????䡢?Ա???????ְҵ??ѧ?????????????;?ס?ص?????, ?ɸ???ְҵ???󼰸??˰???????ѡ??רҵ??ѧϰ?Ϳ??????, ѧϰ?߿??Ը?????????ʵ?????ѡ?񱨿??γ̿?Ŀ??????, ????????ѧϰ??ʽ??ѧϰʱ??, ʵ?ֹ???????ѧ????ѧϰ???ߵļ??;ͬʱѧϰ?߻?????????ѡ???Ƿ?μӽ????????ٰ??ѧҵ??????, ??һ??ѧϰ?ɱ??ϵ͡????Ա??˵Ľ?????ʽ??ͨ??ij?ſγ̿??Ե?, ??ʡ????ѧ????ίԱ??䷢?γ?֤??, ????γ?ѧ??;ѧϰ??ͨ??ij??רҵ???Լƻ??涨??ȫ???γ̿??Ժ?????, ????ȫ??ѧ??, ???ϱ?ҵҪ???, ??????????, ??ʡ????ѧ????ίԱ??䷢???ҳ???ѧ??????Ӧרҵר?ƻ򱾿Ʊ?ҵ֤??, רҵ????ѧУ????ƾ?ϸ???, ??֤????????ȫ??????ͨ?ߵ?ѧУ??Ӧ??α?ҵ????ͬ?Ĵ???;?ߵȽ?????ѧ?????????Ķ???????Ϊ?????ѧϰ“ѧ??????”?춨?˻?????

????2.?ߵȽ?????ѧ????ʩ?ж????????ƶ?, ʹ????????ѧ???Ի????ϵ?“ѧ??????”????ʵ?á??ߵȽ?????ѧ?????⿼?γ????й涨 ([89]??ί?? (011) ??) :“???ҳ???ѧ?????о????????ƺ?ר?Ʊ?ҵ??, ?ڲμӵڶ???רҵ????ѧ????ʱ, ???ɰ??涨?????Ѿ?ѧϰ???μӿ??Խ???ϸ?IJ??ֿγ??⿼??”?Ӷ??ڸߵȽ?????ѧ???????????ͨ????ϵ?е?ר?Ƽ????ϱ?ҵ??????ҵ??????ѧѧ????֮???????һ????ͨ???????š??????????????? (????????[1999]48??) ?͹??ҿ?ί (??ί??[2000]68??) ???й??ļ??涨, ͨ????????ȼ????Ժ?Ӣ??ȼ????Եijɼ????Ի???Ϊ??ѧ??????ؿ?Ŀ?ɼ?;ȫ????ί???й???Э???????????ʸ?֤???ԡ??й???Э????ҿ?ί?IJ???ҵ???????ʸ?֤???Եȵ?ʵʩ, ʹ?ߵȽ?????ѧ???????ѧ??????֤???ְҵ?ʸ???֮??ʵ??ѧ?ֻ?????Ϊ??ʵ??

????3.???ߵȽ?????ѧ???????а취???????ߵȽ?????ѧ???????????????????ߵȽ???????????ȷ?˸ߵȽ?????ѧ???????ҹ??ߵȽ????Ļ????ƶ?֮һ, Ϊ????????ѧ?????ƶȻ????ϵ?????ѧϰ?????“ѧ??????”?ṩ?˷??ɱ??ϡ????? (??) ???? (???С???) ??ʡ (?С???????) ֱ?????Ҷ???????ѧ??????֯?????͹???ϵͳ, Ϊ????????ѧ?????ƶȻ????ϵ?????ѧϰ?????“ѧ??????”?ṩ????֯???ϡ???ѧ?????ƶȾ?????30????ĸĸ?ͷ?չ, Ϊ????????ѧ?????ƶȻ????ϵ?????ѧϰ?????“ѧ??????”?ṩʵ?????顣

?????ġ?????

??????????????????ϵ?ǵ????????????չ?Ļ??????ơ??ߵȽ?????ѧ??????Ϊ?ҹ??ߵȽ?????һ??????ƶ?, ?ѳ?Ϊ??ʵ???ܷ???????“??????ѧ?ɲ?”, ??ʵ??????????????“????????ƽ???ܽ???????”?????????????ʩ;???????г??ڽ????ĸ?ͷ?չ?滮??Ҫ????ȷ?˸ߵȽ?????ѧ??????????ѧϰ?????“??????”?????еĵ?λ??????ʱ??, ??ѧ????Ҫ?Թ?????ĸ?Ϊͻ?ƿ?, ?Թ?????????????ϵ???˲ųɳ???????Ϊ????Ŀ??, ͨ?????ṹ???????????ﳤ????̰?, ??????????ѧ?????ƶȺ???ѧ???Եĸĸﴴ?¡?????ѧ?????ƶ?Ϊ????????“ѧ??????”, ????ѧϰ????Ὠ???з?????Ҫ????, Ҳ????Ϊȫ????????????ϵ???????Ч;????

?????ο?????

????[1]??????.ȫ??ѧϰ??????ѧϰ֮ѧ?????еĹ???ģʽ[J].?й????˽???, 2011, (1) .
????[2]??????.???ڴ????Ϻ???“ѧ??????”????????ʵ???о?[J].ְ????̳, 2009, (3) .
????[3]??????.???ڹ????ҹ?“ѧ??????”??ܵ?????[J].?й?ְҵ????, 2005, (31) .
????[4]??????, ?ִ???.???˽???????“ѧ??????”??˼??[J].???˽???, 2008, (8) .
????[5]??????.dz???ߵȽ?????ѧ??????“ѧ??????”????[J].???, 2012.
????[6] ????Ժ???ڷ??????ߵȽ?????ѧ????????????????֪ͨ (????[1988]15??) [Z].

    ??????Դ?ο?????????.??ѧ???ԡ???ʵ??ȫ??????????????Ч;??[J].??????ѧ??̳,2019(22):83-84.
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