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ѧ????רҵ????ѧϰƽ̨????ǰ??λ?ã?ѧ???? > ???ĸ?ʽ > ???ķ???

ҽѧ???ķ???ij????????ע??????

ʱ?䣺2019-06-26 ??Դ??????д ???ߣ??º???,????,? ??????????4660??

????ժ    Ҫ???????Ź???ҽѧѧ??????????????Ƶ??, ҽѧ??Ϣ??Դ??????????Щ??չ??????, ҽѧ???붼?????˲??ɻ?ȱ?Ľ?ɫ??Ҫ?뷭???ҽѧ????, ?ɹ?Ͷ??????ڿ?, ???˷??뼼??, ????ע??ÿһ??Сϸ??, ????ʱ????????ϸ??, ?????????ķ????????ȷ?????, ????Ӣ???﷨, ??Ϊ??????????ܵġ?

?????ؼ??ʣ???ҽѧ????; ????; ϸ??;

????1 ??????

????ҽѧ???׷?????һ????Ҷ?????????Ҫ?󼫸ߵĹ???, Ҫ??????, ???˼?ǿѧϰ???뼼?ɼ???????, ????һ??Ҫ??Ϊ???ӵķ???, ?Ǿ??????ԵĻ?????, ??Ҫ??“С”???﷨????Felicia Brittman[1]???о????????ո?༭??200??ƪ?й?????ѧרҵѧ??д??Ӣ??????ĺ?ָ??, ?й?ѧ???ύ??Ӣ?????ĵ?һ??????????﷨?????ڱ??ߵĽ?ѧ?뷭???????Ҳ????, ҽ???Ǿ??????????о?, д??һƪ????, ??ҪͶSCI???ڿ?ʱ, ͨ??????д?????ĸ??, ???Լ???˼·???۵???˳;???????Ĺ??????ǽ????ĸ???????Ӣ??, ?Ͼ?????Ӣ??ֱ??дҽѧ???????µ?ҽ??ֻ?Ƿ?ë???;???ջ??ǻع鵽?????ϡ?

?????ڻ??????????????, ????Խ??רҵ??????Խ׼ȷ;?෴?ڴʺ?????ʹ?ô???????, ???ڳ??õ????ִ?????????δ?ܽ????޶?, ?????׷???????????Ҫ?ɹ???????ڿ?Ͷ??ʱ, һ??Ҫ?ع鵽???Ի?????, ????“?Ҳ?”????????????????ϸ????һ??ҽѧ???׷????йڴʺ????ʵ?ϸ??Ҫע??????

????2 ??????????ԭ??

????Felicia Brittmanָ???ڴʵ?ȱʧ?????ʵ?????ʹ?ô????????Ҳ??????Ӣ?ı༭?޷????ܵĴ???, ??Ϊ??????ʼ????ǹᴩ?????µ?ÿһ?仰, һ????????ȷʹ??, ??ƪ???????????϶??Ǵ????, ??ʹ??֤?????⡢?۵???ӱ, Ҳ???޷??????ġ???Щ????ϸС???﷨??????ʵ????????, ????ν“ǧ??֮?̻?????Ѩ”, һ??Ҫ?????ҵ????ӡ?

?????ڴʺ????ʵ??﷨??????Ҫ?????????????ԵIJ?????????ġ?Ӣ????ʱ??????ʼ??????÷????????

??????1:I have two shirts.

?????ο?????:????????T????

????????:Ӣ???п???????ֻҪ??Ŀ???ڵ???2, ?ͱ??????ָ???, ??Ӣ????two shirts, ?????ĺ??????????ֵĸ???, ?緭??Ϊ????T????, ?Ͳ?????????ϰ?ߡ?

??????2:To improve my medical English, I am doing various exercises, but the medical terms are really difficult.

?????ο?????:Ϊ?????ҽѧӢ??, ?????˸?????ϰ, ????ҽѧ??????ĺ??ѡ?

????????:????various exercises, ??ֹһ????ϰ, ????Ӣ???б??????ָ???, ?????IJ?????, ????Ϊ??ϰ??Ӣ???е????ʱ?ʾ??????ϵʱǰ??Ҫ??????????, ??????my medical English, ?????ķ???Ϊ?˱?????????“??????ϰ”?ظ?, ???Բ?????Ϊ“?ҵ?ҽѧӢ??”????????ָijһ????ʱ?????ö??ڴ?the?޶?, ?????ǵڶ????ᵽʱҲ??????the??????ָ, ????Ӣ????the medical terms, ????????ָҲ?????˸???;?????ķ???ʱ, ???ڴʺ͸????????ط????????

ҽѧ???ķ???ij????????ע??????

?????????????ӿɼ?, Ӣ????ʱ?ڴ?a/an/the?Լ????ʵĵ????????????м???û??????, Ҳ???????ⷭ???????

????Ȼ??, ?з?Ӣʱ, ??????û?йڴʵ?, Ҳ??ͻ??ǿ?????ʵ???????, Ŀ??????Ӣ??????????ʵ?ʹ??ȴ?Ƚϸ???, Ҳ?ͺ????׷????????ˡ?????2018??7?°?ҽ???޸????ĵľ???????һ???ܺõ????ӡ???????????д?ɺ?, ??2015?????ڿ?ʼ??SCI?ڿ?Ͷ??, ????????־?綼?Ѿ?????????, Ҫ????????Թ淶;?????????????Դ???һֱû?ܵõ????, ???Ա??ܸ???;?ݸ?ҽ??˵, ??仹???˷??빫˾??????????ɫ??2018??7?±??߰??ҽ???޸?????ʱ???????޸?֮??ʮ?а˾Ŷ???Сϸ??, ???ƸĶ?????, ʵ?????ǧ?ֵ?ø??˵??Ǿ???У???, ??????????2018??8?·???????????????ԭ?????????????????, ?Ը??????е?һЩ????????Ϊʾ??[2], ???????ͨ????Щʲô????, ??ע????????ֲ??֡?

??????1:??ѡ??׼????:????≥18??;???????ȷ?ﰩ֢;?˽??Լ??????һ????????;??Ը????;?????л??ڵ?????ԱЭ??????ɵ????????;?????Ĺ?ͨ???ɺ???????????

????ԭ??:The inclusion criteria were as follow:patients were/had≥18 years old;withcancers confirmed by pathology;aware of their diagnosis for at least one month;volunteered for participation;ability to complete the survey on their own or with the help of investigators;basic communication skills and understanding capability.

?????޸ĺ?汾:The inclusion criteria were as follows:patients were/had≥18 years old;with cancersconfirmedbypathology;awareoftheir diagnoses for at least one month;volunteered for participation;the ability to complete the survey on their own or with the help of the investigators;basic communication skills and understanding capability.

????????:???????????汾?ĶԱȿɼ?, ?з?Ӣʱ??????Ի????????ؾͺ????????????Ϸ????󡣸?ҽ?????Ͷ??֮??İ汾?кܶ????ʻ???û?????ֳ???????, ????as follows, ??Ϊ????????????1, ????Ҫ??s;???ڲ????Ѿ??ó??˸???patients, ???????İ汾??“?Լ??????”their diagnosis?õ?????ʽ?Ͳ???, Ӧ???ø?????ʽtheir diagnoses;“??……????”??ʵ?Ѿ?????ָijһ??????, ????Ӧ????ǰ???һ??the, ͬ??“??????Ա”Ӧ??????ָ???????е???, ????ҲӦ?ü?the??

?????????ֽ?ͬһ???????е??ֵ?????˷???, ?汾????:The inclusion criteria were as follows:the patient was more than 18 years old;Diagnosis of cancer by pathological examination;Know yourdiagnosis for more than a month;Voluntary participation;Having the ability to complete the investigation by themselves or with the assistance of the investigator;Basic communication skills and understanding.

??????ҿ??Կ???, ????“??ѡ??׼????”“??Ը????”“?ڵ?????ԱЭ????”??һ???Ƶ??????????׼ȷ???DZȽϸߵ?, ?????е??汾?ֳ??????˳ƻ??ҵ?????, ???????뽫??????Ϊ????the patient was…???Ǻ???“?Լ??????”ȴ?????your diagnosis, “???????”????Ϊ??by themselves, ??Ҫԭ????ǻ???????˼??, ??????ϵ?????ġ????˹??޸ĵĻ?, Ӧ?÷ֱ??Ϊone’s diagnosis??oneself, ?????˳Ʋ???ͳһ?ġ????????Ҳû?б???????Ա?Ķ??ٵ?????, ??????Ϊthe investigator;??ʵǰ??ָ?????ж?????????Ա, ?ʶ?Ӧ????the investigators??

???????Ի???????Ϊ?????ṩ?˺ܴ?ı??, ????Ҫ???????????ĺ÷???, ????????ʵ?????Թ???, ??????“С”???????Ը?????

??????2:?????Ӻ??방֢??ص????Ӹ????˱?׼???塣

????ԭ??:Standard definition of discrimination and cancer-relateddiscriminationwasprovidedto interviewees.

?????޸ĺ?汾:Standard definitions of discrimination and cancer-related discrimination were provided to theinterviewees.

????????:???ĵĶ????Dz????ֵ???????, ????ԭ???????ܷ??߽??͵Ķ?????Ŀ????1, ????Ӧ???ø?????ʽdefinitions, ?̶?Be??????Ӧ??Ϊwere;?з?ӢʱΪ?˾??????ȷ, ??????“?ܷ???”һ??, ??????????ܷ????DZ??о??е??ܷ???, ???ض???һ??Ⱥ??, ???Ա?????the?????޶???

??????3:??Ŀ?ص???????ƽ????????????, ???????е??﷨?;??͡?ͨ????ṹ????̸???????????ķ?ʽ??????Ŀ?ء?

????ԭ??:Language design of item pool was borrowed from literature review, including grammar and the sentence pattern.Then U was developed through semi-structured interviews and literature reviews.

?????޸ĺ?汾:The language design of the item pool was borrowed from the literatures reviewed, including grammar and the sentence patterns.Then the item pool was developed through the semi-structured interviews and literature reviews.

?????е??ʵ?汾:The language design of the entry pool borrows from the literature review, including its grammar and sentence patterns.The entry pool is developed through semi-structured interviews and literature reviews.

????????:????ǰ???????????, ???İ汾û?йڴʺ????ʵ?????, ????Ӣ???б??????ֳ?“??Ŀ??”??“???????”??“????????”??“????”??“??ṹ????̸”?ȵ????ʶ??Ǹ??о???ר??ʹ?õ???????Ƶ?, ???Զ???????the???޶???ԭ?汾??literature reviewҲ?Ƿ???????ǰ?????ǹڴʵĴ???, ????Ӧ????ָ???????Ķ??????????????Ŀ??, ????Ӧ????ָ??ǰ?Ķ??ο??˵Ķ???????, ?ʸ?Ϊthe literatures reviewed, ???ø???;????sentence patternҲ??Ϊsentence patterns???е??ʵ?汾????????semi-structured interviews?????, ???ǿ??ǵ???Ӧ????ָ???о????????еİ?ṹ????̸, ???Ի???Ӧ?ü???һ??the???á?

????3 ???ر?ע??????

????һ???Ա?֮, ??ҽѧӢ???з?Ӣ??ʱ??, ???????ʾ?Ҫ??߾???, ????Դ???????????????ȫ?ĵ?һ???ᵽ, Ҫ???????ĵ?????, ???Ƿ???Ҫ??a/an, ?Ƿ???Ҫ??s;һ????????ʵڶ??γ???, ???????ǰ??ͱ????the????????, ??????һ????????ҽѧӢ?﷭???з?Ӣʱ??????һЩ???ʼ???ע?????

????(1) ???⸴?????? (????1) ??

????(2) ҽѧӢ???з?Ӣ??Ƶ?? (????2) ??

????????ҽѧӢ???Ƶ??????ʹ??ʱһ??Ҫ??ϵ?????????????䵥??????ʽ, ?????Ҫ??????

??????1
??1

??????2
??2

??????1:TGF-β1??CNTF?ڴ?????ֲ?񾭸?ϸ????????˼????еı???[3]??

????ԭ????:Expression of TGF-βl and CNTF in Injuried Spinal Cord after NSCs Transplantation.

????????:??????????TGF-βl??CNTF?ı???, Ӧ???ø?????

?????ο?????:Expressions of TGF-βl and CNTF in Injuried Rats’Spinal Cord after NSCs Transplantation.

??????2:ԭ?????Ը????˵??ǵ????????ٴ???????

????ԭ????:Clinical Research on Primary Brain Stem Injury by Hypothermia Treatment[4].

????????:???ĵ????ʲ????ֵ?????, ?ұ??ⷭ????ͨ??????ʡ?Թڴ?, ???Ǵ˴???ָһ???ٴ??о?, ????ΪӢ??ʱ???????ֵ?????

?????ο?????:A Clinical Research on Primary Brain Stem Injury by Hypothermia Treatment.

??????3:???????ʸ?ϸ????С???Է????????????õ??о???

????ԭ????:The Treatment Effect of Marrow-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells on LPS-induced Acute Lung Injury in Mice[5].

????????:???ĵ????ʲ????ֵ?????, ???????????۵??????Ʒ????ж???????, ????ΪӢ???DZ?????????Ϊ??????

?????ο?????:The Treatment Effects of Marrow-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells on LPS-induced Acute Lung Injury in Mice.

?????????????ҽѧ???׷????з?Ӣʱʮ?ֳ???, ??????ԱӦ?ر?ע??ϸ?ڵĴ???, ??????????²??ܵõ?????༭?????Ͽɡ?

?????ο?????

????[1] Felicia Brittman. The Most Common Habits from more than 200 English Papers Written by Graduate Chinese Engineering Students.
????[2] Lin-sen Feng, Xin-yue Li, Hong-rong Wang, Jing-jing Zhan, Dong Chen, Yu-feng Wang.Development and Validation of the Cancer Self-Perceived Discrimination Scale for Chinese Cancer Patients. The Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University (The People`s Hospital of Yuxi) , Yuxi Yunnan, China.?????¾??޸ĺ?????2018??8?·?????Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 2018, 16:165.
????[3]??ӭ??, ??.TGF-B1??CNTF?ڴ?????ֲ?񾭸?ϸ????????˼????еı???[J].????ҽ?ƴ?ѧѧ??, 2012 (3) :1-4.
????[4]???, ??.ԭ?????Ը????˵??ǵ????????ٴ?????[J].????ҽ?ƴ?ѧѧ??, 2012 (3) :5-7.
????[5]?ŵ???, ??.???????ʸ?ϸ????С???Է????????????õ??о?[J].????ҽ?ƴ?ѧѧ??, 2012 (3) :8-12.

???????أ?
    ?º???,????,?.ҽѧ???ķ?????ϸ?ڵĴ???[J].????д(??????ѧ??),2019,16(04):10-12.
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